HISTORY OF HALAKU KHAN IN URDU PDF

Hulagu vigorously carried out the latter part of these instructions. He arrived at Transoxiana in He easily destroyed the Lurs, and the Assassins surrendered their impregnable fortress of Alamut without a fight, accepting a deal that spared the lives of their people in early He chose Azerbaijan as his power base, while ordering Baiju to retreat to Anatolia.

Author:Nekree Mekree
Country:Mali
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Life
Published (Last):28 April 2019
Pages:273
PDF File Size:16.60 Mb
ePub File Size:11.33 Mb
ISBN:362-6-97870-160-2
Downloads:16289
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Nezuru



Mokora On February 10 Baghdad surrendered. The Mongols, for their part, attempted to form a Frankish-Mongol alliance with or at least, demand the submission of the remnant of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, now centered on Acre, but Ihstory Alexander IV had forbidden such an alliance. Hulagu Khan — Wikipedia Almost the whole Mongol army that had remained in yrdu region, including Kitbuqa, were either killed or captured that day.

He sent a threatening letter to the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz in Cairo. Mongol raids into Palestine. This was the first open war between Mongols and signaled the end of the unified empire. All but one of his sons were killed. This force conquered Muslim Syria, a domain of the Ayyubid dynasty. The Mongol leader Kitbuqa, already provoked by the constant fleeing of Baibars and his troops, decided to march forwards with all his troops on the trail of the fleeing Egyptians.

The Mongols under Chinese general Guo Kan laid siege to the city on January 29,[9] constructing a palisade and a ditch and wheeling up siege engines and catapults. Hulagu vigorously carried out the latter part of these instructions. Most historians believe the Mongol and Muslim accounts that the caliph was rolled up in a rug and the Mongols rode their horses over him, as they believed that the earth would be offended if touched by royal blood. He demanded that Qutuz open Cairo or it would be destroyed like Baghdad.

Although the Mamluks were traditional enemies of the Franks, the Barons of Acre recognized the Mongols as the more immediate menace. Baghdad was a depopulated, ruined city for several centuries. Siege of Baghdad The Mamluk leader Baibars mostly implemented hit-and-run tactics in an attempt to lure the Mongol forces into chasing him.

Ilkhan of the Ilkhanate. Baibars and Qutuz had hidden the bulk of their forces in the hills to wait in ambush for the Mongols to come into range. History of Halaku Khan — Siege of Baghdad. His daughter-in-law, Absh Khatunwas sent to Shiraz to histtory in From the head of the Mongol army, anxious to devastate the perfidious nation of the Saracens, with the good-will support of the Christian faith Volume 2 of Medieval Islamic Civilization: Instead of taking sides, the Crusaders opted for a position of cautious neutrality between the two forces.

The caliph was captured and forced to watch as his citizens were murdered and his treasury plundered. By February 5 the Mongols controlled a stretch of the wall. Angered, Kitbuqa had sacked Sidon. Tekuder Abaqa Taraqai Mengu Timur. Hulagu left behind only two tumens 20, men under the leadership of his favorite general Naiman Kitbuqa Noyan, a Nestorian Christian.

Mosques, palaces, libraries, hospitals — grand buildings that had been the work of generations — were burned to the ground. Citizens attempted to flee but were intercepted by Mongol soldiers. The battle of Ain Off established a low-water mark for the Mongol conquest. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Smaller states in the region hastened to reassure Hulagu of their loyalty, and the Mongols turned to Syria inconquering the Ayyubid dynasty and sending advance patrols as far ahead as Gaza.

Related Articles.

GOWACKI ANTYGONA W NOWYM JORKU PDF

Genghis Khan History in Urdu

He also suppressed the Ismaili sect and defeated the last Abbasid caliph. Hulagu left Mongolia in the autumn of at the head of a large army. Traveling slowly along a carefully prepared route, from which all natural obstacles had been removed, he did not cross the Oxus, then the frontier between the Chaghatai Khanate and Persia, until the beginning of By the end of that year the greater part of the Ismaili castles had been captured, and the Grand Master himself was a prisoner in Mongol hands.

FRUCTOSE INDUCED HYPERURICEMIA PDF

85.History of Halaku Khan - Siege of Baghdad. Hindi & Urdu

His funeral was the only Ilkhanate funeral to feature human sacrifice. Almost the whole Mongol army that had remained in the region, including Kitbuqa, were either killed or captured that day. The Mongols swept into the city on February 13 and began a week of destruction. Most historians believe the Mongol and Muslim accounts that the caliph was rolled up in a rug and the Mongols rode their horses over him, as they believed that the earth would be offended if touched by royal blood. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The invasion effectively destroyed the Ayyubids, which was until then a powerful dynasty that had ruled large hisyory of the LevantEgyptand the Arabian Peninsula. A low estimate is about 90, dead; [10] higher estimates range fromto a million.

MADALINA MORARU MIT SI PUBLICITATE PDF

Hulagu Khan

Mokora On February 10 Baghdad surrendered. The Mongols, for their part, attempted to form a Frankish-Mongol alliance with or at least, demand the submission of the remnant of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, now centered on Acre, but Ihstory Alexander IV had forbidden such an alliance. Hulagu Khan — Wikipedia Almost the whole Mongol army that had remained in yrdu region, including Kitbuqa, were either killed or captured that day. He sent a threatening letter to the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz in Cairo. Mongol raids into Palestine. This was the first open war between Mongols and signaled the end of the unified empire.

Related Articles