Cargo Global 25 April Careful use of ULDs can produce profitable benefits Education is key to unlocking the savings through good handling. Every day, countless pieces of luggage, cargo or mail travel the world inside ULDs. But, they only work if they are implemented. ULDs were referred to at least times. And the message was clear: having procedures in place to confirm that ULDs on board are serviceable and compatible with the aircraft is critical for flight. While not mandatory, failure to comply can result in disciplinary action, fines or flight disruptions.
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Most everyone in the air cargo business can identify the common types of ULDs and has seen them in all-day use for the purpose of carrying cargo, mail, and baggage. Few people, however, are familiar with the latest developments around ULDs, the requirements applicable to their use, and the regulatory background edicts for their usage. Essentially, the airline agrees that either the shipper or a forwarder tenders a loaded ULD for carriage instead of loose cargo.
Because the airline saves on GHA Buildup charges, a part of such saving is passed on to the forwarder or shipper, e. The deal is mostly sweetened by pivotal weight agreements, such as a minimum payment for a given ULD say, a LD3 AKE Container equaling a certain weight charge such as kg. That ship to sale feature alone accounts for sufficient savings. So even though BUP sounds like a win-win situation — some airlines have experienced otherwise.
In particular from Asia to the U. So while storage charges are added in the U. Moreover staff involved in buildup activities are subjected to a background check as well as to repeated training in accordance with subsection 1. Staff Category 5 general awareness training is the minimum requirement and subsection 1.
In addition, handling ULDs by means of forklift is strictly prohibited unless the ULDs are equipped for such purpose, which very few are. Also, loading of any dangerous goods in BUP ULDs is generally prohibited with the exception of some low-risk DG, subject to individual carrier approval. In reality, however, the security of such buildup locations is often questionable at best and training provided to buildup staff in the context of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations and the IATA ULD Regulations is either non-existent or perfunctory, meaning one foreman on location holds a more or less recognizable training certificate meant to cover the entire operation.
Lufthansa Leadership While some airlines such as Lufthansa Cargo have been proactive in advancing ULD technologies and practices for some time also as a means to generate revenue from their own ULD buildup type training , others have so far approved requests from 3rd parties for BUP carriage without asking too many inconvenient questions.
Now ULDs damaged by improper handling, loading, and use are more likely to be taken out of service and subjected to costly repair by approved repair stations. In the meantime, airlines exceedingly look into the credentials of the buildup contractor before approving BUP-type traffic. Looking ahead, freight forwarders will have to come to a conclusion shippers seem to have made quite a while ago: Loading ULDs requires qualified and trained staff, as only dedicated staff aware of the industry requirements will load a ULD not only in compliance with applicable safety and security requirements, but also to insure that the load will arrive in the impeccable state in which it left the production facilities.
The latter, at least for shippers of pharmaceuticals, is the ultimate goal and the only one that counts.
Download: Iata Uld Regulations Pdf.pdf