Life Johann Georg Albrechtsberger began his musical career at the early age of seven as a choir-boy with the Augustinians in Klosterneuburg, , where he also studied the organ and composition. The pastor of St. To complete his scientific and musical studies he repaired to the Benedictine Abbey at Melk from Here his beautiful soprano voice attracted the attention of the future Emperor Leopold, who on one occasion expressed his high appreciation and presented the boy with a ducat. He also studied philosophy at a Benedictine Jesuit seminary in Vienna and became one of the most learned and skillful contrapuntists of his age.
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Life Johann Georg Albrechtsberger began his musical career at the early age of seven as a choir-boy with the Augustinians in Klosterneuburg, , where he also studied the organ and composition. The pastor of St. To complete his scientific and musical studies he repaired to the Benedictine Abbey at Melk from Here his beautiful soprano voice attracted the attention of the future Emperor Leopold, who on one occasion expressed his high appreciation and presented the boy with a ducat.
He also studied philosophy at a Benedictine Jesuit seminary in Vienna and became one of the most learned and skillful contrapuntists of his age. His his profound knowledge of music gave him a high rank among theorists. Having completed his studies, J. Albrechtsberger became organist at the Melk cathedral, where he remained for twelve years. He next had charge of the choir and organist at Raab in Hungary , and at Mariatfel , and back in Melk Subsequently, in , he went to Vienna having been named choir-director of the church of the Carmelites.
Here he took lessons from the court organist, Mann, who was highly esteemed at that time. Mann became his friend, as did also Joseph and Michael Haydn, Gassmann, and other excellent musicians. In he obtained the position of second court organist and in promoted to First organist in Vienna, which Emperor Joseph had promised him years before.
This position he held for twenty years. He became Assistant Kapellmeister at St. Beethoven and others. Beethoven had arrived in Vienna in to study with Haydn but quickly became infuriated when his work was not being given attention or corrected. Haydn recommended his friend Albrechtsberger, with whom L. Beethoven then studied harmony and counterpoint The Swedish Academy of Music at Stockholm made him an honorary member in Albrechtsberger died in Vienna on March 7, , less than three months before Josef Haydn.
His grave is in St. Marx cemetery. His status in musical history rests mainly on his theoretical writings and his knowledge of counterpoint. Works Johann Georg Albrechtsberger will probably always hold a high rank among musical scientists, his treatise on composition especially will ever remain a work of importance by reason of its lucidity and minuteness of detail.
He composed nearly church works, around keyboard works mainly organ and over various other works. His many church compositions, on the other hand, while technically correct and ornate, are dry, and betray the theorist. Of his compositions, only 27 are printed; of the unpublished remainder, the larger part is preserved in the library of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde at Vienna. His published compositions consist of preludes, fugues and sonatas for the piano and organ, string quartets, etc..
They are pleasant, well written works in the galant style. As the trombone has few works dating back to the classical period, his concerto is often highlighted by the trombone community.
Probably the most valuable service he rendered to music was in his theoretical works. As a highly influential composition teacher, he published in at Leipzig his famous Treatise on composition, a clearly written and accessible work in which he formulated 18th-century theory, of which a third edition appeared in His complete works on thoroughbass, harmony and composition were published, in three volumes, by his pupil, Ignaz Von Seyfried in An English version of this was published by Novello in
Johann Georg Albrechtsberger
JoJok Consisting primarily of simple, homophonic melodies, the accompaniment is essentially two violin parts and basso continuo, which will be provided by cellos, basses, and harpsichord. His published compositions consist of preludesfugues and sonatas for the piano and organstring quartetsetc. This is the type of instrument with which most trombonists begin their playing careers, and even when players advance and get an instrument with an F-attachment the basic instrument remains a tenor trombone. While not as familiar to non-trombonists as the tenor trombone, the bass trombone is not altogether foreign to most people. This instrument is used when a lighter sound than that of the tenor trombone is needed, with greater facility in the upper register.
Albrechtsberger Alto Trombone Concerto