April desselben Jahres Antonia Anzaleone. Am Die Mitglieder dieses gebildeten Zirkels erstaunte Scarlatti durch sein Improvisationstalent im Dichten und Komponieren von Solokantaten. Dezember Hilfskapellmeister gewesen war. Nach dem Ende der spanischen Herrschaft in Neapel wurde Scarlatti am 1. Sein Grab befindet sich in der Kapelle der Hl.
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Life[ edit ] Scarlatti was born in Palermo or in Trapani   , then part of the Kingdom of Sicily. He is generally said to have been a pupil of Giacomo Carissimi in Rome , and some theorize that he had some connection with northern Italy because his early works seem to show the influence of Stradella and Legrenzi.
The production at Rome of his opera Gli equivoci nel sembiante gained him the support of Queen Christina of Sweden who at the time was living in Rome , and he became her maestro di cappella. In February he became maestro di cappella to the viceroy of Naples , perhaps through the influence of his sister, an opera singer, who might have been the mistress of an influential Neapolitan noble. Here he produced a long series of operas, remarkable chiefly for their fluency and expressiveness, as well as other music for state occasions.
In Scarlatti left Naples and did not return until the Spanish domination had been superseded by that of the Austrians. After visiting Venice and Urbino in , Scarlatti took up his duties in Naples again in , and remained there until His last work on a large scale appears to have been the unfinished Erminia serenata for the marriage of the prince of Stigliano in He died in Naples in and is entombed there at the church of Santa Maria di Montesanto.
By , he had definitely established the "Italian overture" form second edition of Dal male il bene , and had abandoned the ground bass and the binary form air in two stanzas in favour of the ternary form or da capo type of air.
In his opera Teodora he originated the use of the orchestral ritornello. His last group of operas, composed for Rome, exhibit a deeper poetic feeling, a broad and dignified style of melody, a strong dramatic sense, especially in accompanied recitatives, a device which he himself had been the first to use as early as Olimpia vendicata and a much more modern style of orchestration, the horns appearing for the first time, and being treated with striking effect.
Performed by Sylvia Kind on a harpsichord of the type made in the early 20th century Problems playing this file? See media help. Filippo Neri, ; and others and serenatas, which all exhibit a similar style, Scarlatti composed upwards of five hundred chamber-cantatas for solo voice.
His few remaining Masses the story of his having composed two hundred is hardly credible and church music in general are comparatively unimportant, except the great Saint Cecilia Mass , which is one of the first attempts at the style which reached its height in the great Masses of Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven. His instrumental music, though not without interest, is curiously antiquated as compared with his vocal works.
Alessandro Scarlatti: Magnificat; Dixit Dominus
Dixit Dominus (Scarlatti, Alessandro)