Ramayana has also been depicted in many paintings, most notably by the Malaysian artist Syed Thajudeen in Festschrift Helmut NespitalReinbeck, 2 vols. A lengthy war ensues. It was staged more than 1, times. See all free Kindle reading apps. The child was named Sita, the Sanskrit word for furrow. Entranced by the beauty of the deer, Sita pleads with Rama to capture it.
|Published (Last):||10 September 2017|
|PDF File Size:||2.7 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.42 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Sanskrit versions[ edit ] Below are a few of the most prominent Sanskrit versions of the Ramayana. Vasistha Ramayana more commonly known as Yoga Vasistha is traditionally attributed to Valmiki.
It is principally a dialogue between Vasistha and Rama in which Vasistha advances many of the principle tenets of Advaita Vedanta. Adbhuta Ramayana , traditionally attributed to Valmiki, includes related stories of Rama. An eleventh-century Sanskrit play entitled Mahanataka by Hanumat relates the story of Rama in nine, ten, or fourteen acts, depending on recension.
This version portrays Rama as more of a human than god. When Bharat came Ayodhya he saw statue of father with his ancestors and he knew that Dasratha was die. In this play kaikeyi said that she want to exiled rama for fourteen days but by mistake fourteen years. After killing Rawana, Rama take fire test of sita for her Chastity and finally end with coronation of Rama in Ayodhya. Viswamitra take them Mithila for yagna of janaka and Rama married sita.
Kundamala of Dinnaga based on uttara-ramayana. Sita exiled by Rama and sita take vow she give kundamala or Garland to river for safe Birth of her son.
Sita gave birth two twins. Mahaviracharita of Bhavabhuti based on Ramayana. This play start with Rama came in Hermitage of visvamitra and end with coronation of Rama.
Uttara-rama-charita of Bhavabhuti based on later life Rama. Play start with sita blessed by sage astavkara then Rama show picture gallery with sita. Janaka and kaushlaya meet in Hermitage of valmiki.
Twins fight with army of Rama who protect horse of Ashwamedha. Finally valmiki arranged drama and Rama know about his family. Janaka jananada of kalya Lakshmi Narsingh based on Ramayana of jaimini Ashwamedha.
It is very rare play because only four play are based on uttara-ramayana. In this play surpanakha planned plot and sita exiled But today we not found any mss of play. Ramabhyudaya of Yashovarman in six acts written during 7th century A. Ramabhyudaya of Ramadeva vyasa in two acts written during 15th century A.
Maithili-kalyana of Hastimalla based on marriage of sita written around 9th century A. Uddata-Raghava by Mayu-raja also called Anagaharsha written around 8th century A. Ascharya-choodamani of Shaktibhadra written around 9th century based on Ramayana. Kritya-Rawana written during 9th century. Maya-puspaka written during 9th century. Rama-Charita drama based on Ramayana written during 9th century.
Ramananada of shrigadita based on Ramayana written during 9th century. Anargha-Raghava of Murari written during 9th or 10th century. Bala-Ramyana of Raj-shekhara in ten acts written during 9th or 10th century. Abhinava-Raghava of kshiraswamin written during 10th century.
Vali-Vadha written during 10th century. It is preksanka type drama. Marica-Vancitaka give ramayana story in five acts written during 11th century. Prasana-Raghava of Jayadeva is a drama in seven acts written around 12th century. Raghu-vilasa of Ramachandra written around 12th century. Raghavabhyudaya of Ramachandra written around 12th century. There are other three dramas of same name written by Gangadhara - A.
Janaki-Raghava written around 12th century. Another Janaki-Ragava of Yuvraja ramasinha written in A. Rama-vikrama also is a lost Ramayana drama known only through the reference made to it by Sagaranandin. It is most likely a work of the 12th century A. Dutangada of Subhata.
The Prologue of this play states that it was represented at the court of Tribhuvanapala, a Calukya king of Anhilvad who reigned in A. Another Dutangada of Ramachandra. Amogha-raghava is a lost Ramayana-drama known only through the reference made to it by singabhupala. It may be assigned to the 13th century A.
Abhirama-raghava is lost Ramayana-drama known only through the reference made to it by singabhupala. It seems to belong to the 13th cen. D Ullagha-raghava of Somesvara is a Ramayana drama belonging to the 13th century A.
He was the- court-poet of Viradhavala and of Gujarat A. Unmatta-raghava of Bhaskara written around 14th century. The Unmatta-raghava gives a curious tale of Rama. Sita enters into a garden forbidden to the womenfolk and is transformed into a gazelle.
Rama wanders in her search and his maddened soliloquies. Unmatta-raghava of Mahadeva sastri. Ananda-raghava is a drama on the Ramayana theme.
Its author Rajacudamani Diksita was the son of Srinivasa and Kamakshi and was patronised by king Raghunatha of Tanjore. He flourished in the last part of the 16th century. Anandaraghava describes in five acts the story of Rama from his marriage to coronation.
Abhirama-mani of Sundaramisra is a drama in seven acts based on Ramayana written in A. Adbhuta-darpana of Mahadeva is a Ramayana-drama in ten acts. Mahadeva is the son of Krsna Suri of Tanjore and belongs to the 17th century A.
Janaki-parinaya is a Ramayana-drama by Ramabhadra Diksita also belongs to the 17th century A. There are two more dramas of this name, one by Narayana Bhatta and the other by Sitarama. Raghavananda is a Ramayana-drama by Venkatesvara belonging to the last quarter of the 17th century in the court of Sahaji and Serfoji of Tanjore Sita-raghava Lalita-raghava is drama on the Ramayana story by Ramapani deva belonging to the middle of the 18th century A.
Maha-Nataka of Damodara written around 11th century and second written by Madhusudana around 14th century. Regional versions[ edit ] Rama is shown about to offer his eyes to make up the full number - - of lotus blossoms needed in the puja that he must offer to the goddess Durga to gain her blessing. Scene from Krittivasi Ramayan. The Molla Ramayanamu was adapted by poet Molla. This is a free re-telling of the Valmiki Ramayana. It was awarded the first Jnanpith award in Telugu, for which the poet was later accaimed as Kavi Samrat.
Kerala - The earliest known extant poetic work in Malayalam is Ramacharitam, based on Yuddha Kanda written by Cheeraman 12th century. There is also a reference of a Ramayana being translated into old Marathi during the 12th or 13th century.
Orissa Ramayana in Odisha has a long literary history. Vilanka Ramayana was written as a poem by Sarala Das in 15th century.
The Ramkatha is found in the folk and tribal traditions of Odisha. Tamil Nadu - The Tamil Kambaramayanam , a popular version, written by poet Kamban in the 12th century. Urdu version called the Pothi Ramayana was written in This version is notable for depicting Rama and Sita as siblings who marry. Such sibling marriages are a common symbolic imagery in early Buddhist literature to denote purity of a dynasty. As the Buddha is supposed to have come from the Ikshvaku clan of Rama this symbolised his dynastic merits.
Jainism - Paumachariyam , the most influential among the Jain versions is written as a polemic against Sanskrit versions asserting that all characters in the Ramayana were mere mortals who engaged in conflict over moral issues. All characters are depicted as Jains and the Rama, Sita and Lakshmana visit Jain pilgrimage sites rather than ashrams as in Valmiki ramayana during their stay in the forest.