After women did so much to build this country and all their work and sacrifice in various wars such as the Revolution War, Civil War, WW I , growing numbers of college educated women in the 19th century, women joining the workforce, etc. Flexner gives these basic answers: 1. Economic - powerful, well financed business interests wanted to maintain the status quo. Many changes were taking place in the late 19th and early 20th century that upset business interests and women voting rights was among those. The southern states were fearful that if women including black women got the right to vote, they might eventually be forced by the federal government to open voting to all citizens, not just whites. Ten states never ratified the 19th Amendment -- all but Delaware were southern states of the old Confederacy.
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Family[ edit ] Flexner was the younger of two highly intelligent daughters of well-known parents. His ideas for the structure and purpose of the institute so appealed to theoretical physicist Albert Einstein that Einstein chose it over competing university appointments when he emigrated from Germany to the United States in Encouragement and financial assistance from her parents carried Flexner through the Great Depression and gave her the means to experiment as a playwright and social organizer.
Her mother at her death left Eleanor a lifetime income. Both Anne and Abraham Flexner were feminists who supported passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and both marched in the New York woman suffrage parade.
Back in the United States, she held a series of promotional and editorial positions in the theater and with the Institute of Propaganda Analysis, the Foreign Policy Association , and Hadassah. In she published a book of dramatic criticism entitled American Playwrights, She joined the Communist Party in and spent several years writing CP articles and pamphlets, under pseudonyms, and working for various social and political causes. In the s, Flexner began researching the 19th-century labor struggles of American women but found that few historians had touched on the subject.
She was by that time already planning to write a history of the American woman suffrage movement and gradually became convinced that a comprehensive treatment must deal with the experiences of working class women and politically active women of color. Flexner worked on the manuscript that was to become Century of Struggle through most of the s. When she showed the completed book to the historian Arthur Schlesinger , he recognized its value and urged her to offer it to Harvard University Press , which readily accepted it for publication.
It was published in Many of the concepts that inform Century of Struggle were developed by a small group of Marxist women — including, in addition to Flexner, Susan B.
It was only in , however, that Flexner publicly acknowledged her past membership in the Communist Party. Flexner completed Century of Struggle and wrote her last book, Mary Wollstonecraft, in this setting. Major work[ edit ] American Playwrights, The Theatre Retreats from Reality, , ; reprinted in with a new preface by Eleanor Flexnor.
Mary Wollstonecraft: A Biography Johns Hopkins University Press, New York University Press, The last Spanish Republican resistance to Franco was crumbling, and the Japanese had only recently invaded China. But the gap between that time and today is even wider and deeper than these news items might suggest. My generation spent its early adult years looking for work when there were no jobs — quite simply no jobs at all, either for them or for their elders.
Millions of people who had known ten or twenty years of security were suddenly reduced to joblessness. Nor were there any cushions against acute need, such as unemployment insurance or social security… Establishing such minimal bulwarks against hunger and homelessness as trade unions and social insurance were the elemental concerns of a generation of American workers… Social concern was one of the principal yardsticks against which I measured the work of the leading playwrights of the twenties and thirties.
Century of Struggle : The Woman's Rights Movement in the United States, Enlarged Edition
Family[ edit ] Flexner was the younger of two highly intelligent daughters of well-known parents. His ideas for the structure and purpose of the institute so appealed to theoretical physicist Albert Einstein that Einstein chose it over competing university appointments when he emigrated from Germany to the United States in Encouragement and financial assistance from her parents carried Flexner through the Great Depression and gave her the means to experiment as a playwright and social organizer. Her mother at her death left Eleanor a lifetime income.
Century Of Struggle
Century of Struggle