GIAMBATTISTA BASILE PENTAMERONE PDF

Main article: Rhodopis The oldest known oral version of the Cinderella story is the ancient Greek story of Rhodopis , [5] [8] a Greek courtesan living in the colony of Naucratis in Egypt , whose name means "Rosy-Cheeks". The story is first recorded by the Greek geographer Strabo in his Geographica book 17, 33 , The eagle snatched one of her sandals from her maid and carried it to Memphis ; and while the king was administering justice in the open air, the eagle, when it arrived above his head, flung the sandal into his lap; and the king, stirred both by the beautiful shape of the sandal and by the strangeness of the occurrence, sent men in all directions into the country in quest of the woman who wore the sandal; and when she was found in the city of Naucratis, she was brought up to Memphis, became the wife of the king Herodotus , some five centuries before Strabo, records a popular legend about a possibly-related courtesan named Rhodopis in his Histories , [7] claiming that Rhodopis came from Thrace , and was the slave of Iadmon of Samos , and a fellow-slave of the story-teller Aesop and that she was taken to Egypt in the time of Pharaoh Amasis , and freed there for a large sum by Charaxus of Mytilene , brother of Sappho the lyric poet. As she dozes off, the girl has a vision of a dove transforming into a woman, who instructs her on how to remove a physical imperfection and restore her own beauty. In another episode, she and other courtesans are made to attend a feast hosted by Persian regent Cyrus the Younger. During the banquet, the Persian King sets his sights on Aspasia herself and ignores the other women.

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Background[ edit ] The stories in the Pentamerone were collected by Basile and published posthumously in two volumes by his sister Adriana in Naples , Italy, in and under the pseudonym Gian Alesio Abbatutis. While other collections of stories have included stories that would be termed fairy tales, his work is the first collection in which all the stories fit in that single category.

This drew a great deal of attention to the work. Not only were the traditions at that time more complete in themselves, but the author had a special talent for collecting them, and besides that an intimate knowledge of the dialect. The stories are told with hardly any break, and the tone, at least in the Neapolitan tales, is perfectly caught We may therefore look on this collection of fifty tales as the basis of many others; for although it was not so in actual fact, and was indeed not known beyond the country in which it appeared, and was never translated into French, it still has all the importance of a basis, owing to the coherence of its traditions.

Two-thirds of them are, so far as their principal incidents are concerned, to be found in Germany, and are current there at this very day. Among the places related to the stories we find the city of Acerenza and the Castle of Lagopesole , the latter connected to the fairy tale Rapunzel. It is structured around a fantastic frame story , in which fifty stories are related over the course of five days, in analogy with the ten-day structure of the much earlier Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio The frame story is that of a cursed, melancholy princess named Zoza "mud" or "slime" in Neapolitan, but also used as a term of endearment.

She cannot laugh, no matter what her father does to amuse her, so he sets up a fountain of oil by the door, thinking people slipping in the oil would make her laugh. An old woman tried to gather oil, a page boy broke her jug, and the old woman grew so angry that she danced about, and Zoza laughed at her. The old woman cursed her to marry only the prince of Round-Field, whom she could only wake by filling a pitcher with tears in three days.

With some aid from fairies, who also give her gifts, Zoza found the prince and the pitcher, and nearly filled the pitcher when she fell asleep.

A Moorish slave steals it, finishes filling it, and claims the prince. This frame story in itself is a fairy tale, combining motifs that will appear in other stories: the princess who cannot laugh in The Magic Swan , Golden Goose , and The Princess Who Never Smiled ; the curse to marry only one hard-to-find person, in Snow-White-Fire-Red and Anthousa, Xanthousa, Chrisomalousa ; and the heroine falling asleep while trying to save the hero, and then losing him because of trickery in The Sleeping Prince and Nourie Hadig.

The husband hires ten female storytellers to keep her amused; disguised among them is Zoza. Each tells five stories, most of which are more suitable to courtly, rather than juvenile, audiences. Zoza and the Prince live happily ever after. Many of these fairy tales are the oldest known variants in existence.

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Giambattista Basile

Background[ edit ] The stories in the Pentamerone were collected by Basile and published posthumously in two volumes by his sister Adriana in Naples , Italy, in and under the pseudonym Gian Alesio Abbatutis. While other collections of stories have included stories that would be termed fairy tales, his work is the first collection in which all the stories fit in that single category. This drew a great deal of attention to the work. Not only were the traditions at that time more complete in themselves, but the author had a special talent for collecting them, and besides that an intimate knowledge of the dialect. The stories are told with hardly any break, and the tone, at least in the Neapolitan tales, is perfectly caught We may therefore look on this collection of fifty tales as the basis of many others; for although it was not so in actual fact, and was indeed not known beyond the country in which it appeared, and was never translated into French, it still has all the importance of a basis, owing to the coherence of its traditions. Two-thirds of them are, so far as their principal incidents are concerned, to be found in Germany, and are current there at this very day.

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Das Pentameron

In seiner Jugend war er Soldat in venezianischen Diensten, in dieser Zeit begann er zu dichten. Gonzaga in Mantua , immer Teil der Accademia. Das Pentameron[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Basiles Schwester Adriana gab sein Hauptwerk posthum zwischen und unter dem Pseudonym Gian Alesio Abbattutis, einem Anagramm des Autornamens, und dem Titel Lo cunto de li cunti, overo Lo trattenemiento de peccerille La fiaba delle fiabe ovvero come intrattenere i bambini, dt. Die Myrte, 3. Peruonto, 4.

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