While the spending side is driven by rising health care costs and demographics, other areas should also be scrutinized. In addition, there are significant performance and management challenges that the federal government needs to confront. Our statement is based on our past and ongoing work on GPRA implementation, as well as our recently issued reports 1 identifying opportunities to reduce potential duplication in government programs, save tax dollars, and enhance revenue; and 2 updating our list of government operations at high risk due to their greater vulnerabilities to fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement, or the need for broad-based transformation. GPRAMA could help inform reexamination or restructuring efforts and lead to more efficient and economical service delivery in overlapping program areas by identifying the various agencies and federal activities--including spending programs, regulations, and tax expenditures--that contribute to crosscutting outcomes.
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History[ edit ] The Government Performance Act was signed by President Clinton on August 3,  but not implemented until the year From the time it was signed the Government focused on data collection and preparation for the following fiscal year. The fiscal year for the federal budget always starts October 1 and ends September 30 the following year.
Similar legislation also attempted to approach performance management such as Zero-Based Budgeting , Total Quality Management , and a few other minor programs. These were some of the many unsuccessful programs that tried to establish Federal Performance Budgeting. Where these other bills failed to receive enough legislative approval to be made into law, the GPRA was successfully approved by both Congress and the President. The government will be held accountable for all programs results to be achieved.
Aid Congressional Committees in their ability to amend, suspend, or establish programs based on performance for each fiscal year. Improve the performance of all federal agencies and measure their effectiveness.
Compare current results to previous years as a measure of effectiveness. Highlights the operational processes, skills, technology, human, capital information, or any other resources that are required to meet new goals for that specific year.
The Three GPRA Elements[ edit ] Agencies are required to develop five-year strategic plans that must contain a mission statement for the agency as well as long-term, results-oriented goals covering each of its major functions. The performance goals must cover each program activity made in the agency budget. The key component of the GPRA is for agencies to establish their goals and performance needed to achieve success in the particular agency or program.
Providing a strategy to compare the actual achievements of an agency to those performance goals they set out to achieve is also key. Section 10 requires agencies to publish their strategic and performance plans and reports in machine-readable formats. StratML is such a format. Agencies are required to identify "key factors external to the agency and beyond its control that could significantly affect the achievement of the general goals and objectives".
This includes indicators that help measure the outcome for each goal. The performance achieved with a comparison with the performance levels and the goals they had set for the year. If the performance goal was not met for that fiscal year, an explanation had to be given of why the goals that were initially met were not.
Following up the explanation they have to give a written plan of what they will do to meet their goals the following fiscal year. They have to give a description of how each goal was useful and how effective it was to the final result.
These results will be sent to the President and to Congress. The results can be accessed by the public once they are published.
GPRA: Performance Management and Performance Measurement
The S. WaterSMART allows all bureaus of the Department to work with States, Tribes, local governments, and non-governmental organizations to pursue a sustainable water supply for the Nation by establishing a framework to provide federal leadership and assistance on the efficient use of water, integrating water and energy policies to support the sustainable use of all natural resources, and coordinating the water conservation activities of the various Interior offices. See 5 , Renewable Energy. Ecosystem Restoration. To meet mission goals, a part of the programs must focus on the protection and restoration of aquatic and riparian environments influenced by its operations. It is critical that Reclamation continue to invest in eco-system restoration if we are going to continue to supply water and power reliably as we have historically.
Performance & Personnel Management
Government Performance and Results Act