Golte Fig. El mundo de arriba diurno, se opone al mundo de arriba nocturno. First, at every level the parcialidades or polities are grouped in pairs as ranked moieties, and the heads of these moieties are also grouped in ranked pairs at each level. Thus, when the relative ranking or hierarchy of the lords is known or can be inferred, the position of the groups they headed — and the socio-political organization — can be deduced. Such a system results in the nesting of allegiances and affords the highest-ranking lords direct access to human energy through groups at lower levels of organization that are directly subject to them, but not to all the energy available at these lower levels.
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Translated by Carlos Degregori Caso. His detailed research drew on letters from colonial officials and testimonies of indigenous participants in the rebellion; royal decrees and acts of government from the century before the rebellion; economic reports detailing colonial labor conditions, wages, tribute payments, and merchandise distribution; court cases; and colonial inventories and geographic descriptions of the territory. He used this material to argue for a deeper understanding of the prior role of the reparto in the subsequent bloody revolt.
According to Golte, these measures spurred an almost thirty-year economic boom beginning in He also examines how the opposing economic interests of other social groups, from mestizos to the Catholic Church, were at times aligned against the repartos.
Not all communities were impacted the same, however, creating a patchwork of responses, from resignation to revolt. This process culminated in the uprising and the later abolition of the system as a whole.
While acknowledging the relative difficulty of finding documents on these early protests, Golte uses a series of archived lawsuits found at the AGI to create a timeline of protests ranging from to , demonstrating the content of early complaints against the system. For example, in the corregidor of the village of Callalli was attacked and almost killed after trying to force the community to buy sick mules. The corregidor later returned with a gang and sacked the village in reprisal for their resistance.
While beyond the scope of this work, it would have been interesting to see more about the broader political and industrial changes in Europe that drove these policies in the Americas. Still, Repartos y Rebeliones remains valuable precisely because it focuses on the economic processes that fueled what became the largest uprising against Spanish colonial rule in the Americas.
The repartos are also known as repartimientos de mercancias. Gill,
Repartos y Rebeliones: Review
Jürgen Golte Rhode