Some question whether al-Hallaj was executed for religious reasons as has been commonly assumed. Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed. Did the audience know that Hallaj urvu crucified for that? Although most of his Sufi contemporaries disapproved of his actions, Hallaj later became a major figure in the Sufi tradition. Although the majority of early Sufi teachers condemned him, he was almost unanimously canonized by later generations of Sufis.
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Eventually he returned to Baghdad, where his bold preaching of union with God caused him to be arrested on a charge of incarnationism. Author of a number of books and a considerable volume of poetry, he passed into Muslim legend as the prototype of the intoxicated lover of God.
He made his first journey at the age of eighteen. Thereafter he went to Basra and joined Amr ibn Othman, passing eighteen months in his company. So he left Basra and came to Baghdad where he called on Jonaid. Jonaid prescribed for him silence and solitude. With a group of Sufis he attended on Jonaid and put a number of questions to him to which Jonaid gave no reply.
On the day when the leading scholars pronounced the verdict that Hallaj must be executed, Jonaid was wearing the Sufi robe and did not sign the warrant. So Jonaid put on the academic turban and gown, went to the madrasa and endorsed the warrant. There he remained for a year, widely acclaimed. But because he attached no weight to the prevailing doctrine, the theologians turned envious against him.
Meanwhile Amr ibn Othman wrote letters regarding him to the people of Khuzestan, blackening him in their eyes. He too had grown weary of that place. Casting aside the Sufi garb, he donned tunic and passed his time in the company of worldly folk. That made no difference to him, however, and for five years he vanished.
Part of that period he spent in Khorasan and Transoxiana, part in Sistan. Hallaj then returned to Ahwaz, where his preaching won the approval of the elite and the public alike. After that he dressed himself in the ragged dervish robes and set out for the Sacred Territory, accompanied by many in like attire.
So he returned to Basra, then to Ahwaz. So he went to India, then to Transoxiana, then to China, calling men to God and composing works for them.
When he returned from the distant parts of the world, the peoples of those regions wrote him letters. In Baghdad he was called Mostalem, in Basra Mokhabbar. The passion of Hallaj After that many tales about Hallaj began to circulate. So he set out for Mecca where he resided for two years. On his return, his circumstances were much changed. It is said that he was expelled from fifty cities. In their bewilderment the people were divided concerning him.
His detractors were countless, his supporters innumerable. They witnessed many wonders performed by him. Tongues wagged, and his words were carried to the caliph. On the contrary, it is Hosain that is lost.
The Ocean does not vanish or grow less. The caliph ordered that he should be thrown into prison. There he was held for a year.
But people would come and consult him on their problems. It is said that on the first night of his imprisonment the gaolers came to his cell but could not find him in the prison. They searched through all the prison, but could not discover a soul. On the second night they found neither him nor the prison, for all their hunting. On the third night they discovered him in the prison. What phenomenon is this? On the second night the Presence was here, so that both of us were absent.
On the third night 1 was sent back, that the Law might be preserved. Come and do your work! That night he addressed them. This story was carried to the caliph. Loaded with thirteen heavy chains, Hallaj strode out proudly along the way waving his arms like a very vagabond. He made me drink like him the best, As does the generous host his guest; And when the round was quite complete He called for sword and winding-sheet.
Such is his fate, who drinks past reason With Draco in the summer season. When they brought him to the base of the gallows at Bab al-Taq, he kissed the wood and set his foot upon the ladder. He was wearing a loincloth about his middle and a mantle on his shoulders. Turning towards Mecca, he lifted up his hands and communed with God.
Then he climbed the gibbet. They are moved by the strength of their belief in One God to maintain the rigour of the Law. Then all the spectators began to throw stones. Shebli, to conform, cast a clod. Hallaj sighed. Why did you sigh because of a clod? They have an excuse. From him it comes hard to me, for he knows that he ought not to fling at me. He laughed. He smiled. If you are able, hack off those feet! You suppose that my pallor is because I am afraid. I rubbed blood over my face so that I might appear rose-cheeked in your eyes.
The cosmetic of heroes is their blood. A roar went up from the crowd. Some wept, some flung stones. Then they made to cut out his tongue. Praise be to God, for that they have cut off my feet as I trod Thy way. And if they strike off my head from my body, they have raised me up to the head of the gallows, contemplating Thy majesty. An old woman carrying a pitcher happened along.
What business has this pretty little Woolcarder to speak of God? They then cut out his tongue. It was the time of the evening prayer when they cut off his head. Even as they were cutting off his head, Hallaj smiled. Then he gave up the ghost. A great cry went up from the people. Hallaj had carried the ball of destiny to the boundary of the field of resignation.
Dumbfounded, they cast his ashes into the Tigris. Lay my robe in front of the water, or Baghdad will be destroyed.
The waters subsided, and his ashes became silent. Then they gathered his ashes and buried them. Facebook Comments.
Seerat E Mansoor Hallaj
Chapter 6 is the longest of the chapters and is devoted to a dialogue of Satan Iblis and God, where Satan refuses to bow to Adam, although God asks him to do so. Therefore Nor the Abassids or Hallaj himself should be accountable for what happened. The play seems quite fascinating. Al-Hallaj gained a wide following as a preacher before he became implicated in power struggles of the Abbasid court and was executed after a long period of confinement on religious and political charges. Ernstthe legal notion of blasphemy was not clearly defined in Islamic law and statements of this kind were treated inconsistently by legal authorities. He is seen by many as a revolutionary writer and teacher of his time, when practices of mysticism were not meant to be shared publically.
Sufi Biography: Mansoor Al-Hallaj
Kaktilar Although the majority of early Sufi teachers condemned him, he was almost unanimously canonized by later generations of Sufis. This needs to be made into a movie please or maybe they will begin rioting if they do. Words of Ecstasy in Sufism. After more than a decade of imprisonment, Hallaj was eventually executed publically in Baghdad in the year S Nov 10, Al-Hallaj was popularly credited with numerous supernatural acts. The play seems quite fascinating.
MANSOOR HALLAJ STORY IN URDU PDF
He also advanced the theory of Huwa Huwa according to which man is the personal and living witness of God. Man is an image of God, and God has chosen him for the manifestation of love. Thus man becomes endowed with divine attributes Huwa Huwa, He, He. On the other hand Hallaj held that by the love of God the human personality became more perfect. The Ishq which Hallaj described as divine essence was an active and creative force.